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Quiz Meeting 4

Quiz : READING COMPREHENSION

STRUCTURE SECTION

 

Nama: muhamad gunawan

Nim: 1133468609

Jurusan: ccit

 

1.         With which of the following topics in the passage primarily concerned?

            A.        Local research and harmful effects of fertilizer

            B.        Advantages and disadvantages of liquid fertilizer

            C.        A formula for the production of fertilizer

            c.         Content, form, and effects of fertilizer

 

2.         The word essential in the paragraph 1 could best be replaced by which of the following?

            A.        limited                         B.   preferred

            C.        anticipated                  D.   required

3.         Which of the following has the smallest percentage content in the formula 4-8-2?

            A.        Nitrogen                     B.        Phosphorus

            C.        Acid                            D.        Potash

4.         What is the percentage of nitrogen in a 5-8-7 formula fertilizer?

            A.        3 percent                     B.        5 percent

            C.        7 percent                     D.        8 percent

5.         The word designate in the paragraph 2 could best be replaced by

            A.        Modify                        B.        specify

            C.        Limit                           D.         increase

6.         Which of the following statements about fertilizer is true?

            A.        Powders are more popular than ever.

            B.        Solids are difficult to store.

            C.        Liquids are increasing in popularity.

            D.  Chemical granules are difficult to apply.

7.         The word they in the paragraph 2 refers to

            A.        Powder                       B.        solids

            C.        Liquids                        D.        fertilizer

8.         The word convenient in paragraph 2 is closest in        meaning to

            A.        Effective                     B.   plentiful

            C.        easy to use                  D.   heap to produce

Problem 21 Factual Conditionals–Absolute, Scientific Results

 

            CONDITION                                                       RESULT

    If               S                   V (present) ,             S                V (present)

    If         a catalyst               is used    ,      the reaction          occurs        more rapidly

Or

CONDITION                                                            RESULT

    If           S              V (present) ,           S              will       verb word

   If     a catalyst           is used     ,  the reaction     will           occur         more rapidly

 

 

Incorrect:  If orange blossoms are exposed to very cold temperatures, they withered and died.

Correct  :  ___________ If orange blossoms are exposed_________ to very cold temperatures, ____________they wither and die__________.

or

                   __________if orange blossoms are exposed________ to very cold temperatures, _________they will wither and die___________.

Incorrect: If the trajectory of a satellite will be slightly off at lunch, it will get worse as the flight                    progresses.

Correct  :  _____if the trajectory_____ of a satellite is slightly off at lunch, it ___gets_____ worse as the flight progresses.                                                                              or

                  _____if the trajectory_____ of a satellite is slightly off at lunch,it _____will gets_____ worse as the flight                       progresses.

Incorrect: If light strikes a rough surface, it diffused.

Correct  :  _______if light strikes________ a rough surface, ________it diffuse_______ .

                                                or

                 ________if light strikes______ a rough surface,_______it will diffuse________ .

Problem 22 Factual Conditionals Probable Results

for the Future

 

                                                will

            can

If          S          V (present)     ,     S       may      verb word

                               If         we     find her address  ,    we      will           write          her

 

will

  can

S         may       verb word       if         S          V (present)

   We       will         write her       if        we                 find         her address

 

 

Incorrect:  We will wait if you wanted to go

Correct  :  __________we will wait if you want__________  to go

or

                  ______if you want_______  to go, _______we will wait_______.

Incorrect:  If you listen to the questions carefully, you answer them easily.

Correct  :  _______if you listen_______ to the questions carefully, _______you will answer_________  them easily.

or

                  _______you will answer________ them easily _______if you listen______ to the questions carefully.

Incorrect: If we finished our work a little early today, we’ll attend the lecture at the art museum.

Correct  : _____if we finish_____ our work a little early today, ______we’ll attend_____ the lecture at the art museum.

or

                 _____we’ll attend_____ the lecture at the art museum ______if we finish_____ our work a little early today.

Problem 23 Factual Conditionals Possible Results

 

                                                                                                     would

                                                                                                     could

If         S            V (past) ,                           S       might       verb word

If         we           found     her address,   we      would           write          her

If         we           found     her address,   we      could            write          her

If         we           found     her address,   we      might            write          her

                                                                                       or

                                    would

                                     could

  S         might       verb word                          if        S        V (past)

We       would           write        her     if       we        found       her address

We       could            write         her    if       we        found       her address

We       might            write        her    if       we        found        her address

 

 

Incorrect:  If Judi didn’t drink so much coffee, she wouldn’t have been so nervous.

Correct  :   ________if judi didn’t drink________ so much coffee, __________she wouldn’t be_________  so nervous.

or

                  _________she wouldn’t be______ so nervous ________if judi didn’t drink_______ so much coffee.

Incorrect:  If you would go to bed earlier, you wouldn’t be so sleepy in the morning.

Correct  :  _____if you went_______  to bed earlier, ________you wouldn’t be_______ so sleepy in the morning.

or

                   _______you wouldn’t be_______ so sleepy in the morning ______if you went_________ to bed earlier.

Incorrect: If she would eat fewer sweets, she would lose weight.

Correct  : _______if she ate______  fewer sweets, ________she would lose______ weight.                                                                                                                     or

                ________she would lose________ weight _______if she ate_______  fewer sweets.

Problem 24 Factual Conditionals Probable Changes In Past Results

 

 

                                                                                            would have

                                                                                             could have

If        S       had                   participle ,                          S          might          have      participle

If      we       had         found     her address,     we        would          have        written        her

If      we       had         found     her address,     we        could           have        written         her

If      we       had         found     her address,     we        might           have        written        her

 

 

Incorrect: If her mother let her, Anne would have stayed longer.

Correct  :  ________if her mother had let her_____________, __________anne would have stayed________________ longer.

or

                 ___________anne would have stayed_________ longer _________if her mother had let her__________  her.

Incorrect:  If we would have known that she had planned to arrive today, we could have met her at the

     bus station.

Correct  :  _______if we had known__________  that she had planned to arrive today, ______we could have met________her at the bus

                 station.

                                                                                    or

                 ______we could have met______  her at the bus station ______if we had known_______ that she had planned to arrive today.

Incorrect:  If I had more time, I would have checked my paper again.

Correct  :  _________if i had ________  more time, _______i would have checked___________ my paper again.

                                                            or

                   __________i would have checked________ my paper again _________if i had_________ more time.

Problem 25 ContrarytoFact ConditionalsImpossible Results Were

 

 

If               S                were

If         the party         were         on Friday, we could go.

 

 

 

Incorrect:  If the meat was a little more done, this would be             an excellent meal.

Correct  :  ______if the meat were_______ a little more done, this would be an excellent meal. (The meat is not done)

or

                 This would be an excellent meal _______if the meat were_______ a little more done. (The meat is not done)

Incorrect:  If my daughter is here, I would be very happy.

Correct  :  _______if my daughter were___________ here, I would be very happy.  (My daughter is not here)

or

      I would be very happy ___________if my daughter_were________  here.  (My daughter is not here)

Incorrect:  This apartment be perfect if it were a little larger.

Correct  :  This apartment  be perfect ________if it were______ a little larger. (The apartment is not larger.)

or

                  _________if it were______ a little larger, this apartment  be perfec. (The apartment is not larger.)

Problem 27  Importance–Subjunctive–Verbs

 

                                   S                 V             that          S              V

Mr. Johnson    prefers        that         she         speak        with him personally

 

 

Incorrect: The foreign student advisor recommended that she studied more English before enrolling at

     the university.

Correct : The foreign student advisor ____recomended_____ that she  ____study____  more English before enrolling at

   the university.

Incorrect:  The law requires that everyone has his car checked at least once a year.

Correct  :  The law ____requires_____ that everyone _____have_____  his car checked at least once a year.

Incorrect:  She insisted that they would give her a receipt.

Correct  :  She ____insided______ that they  ______give_____ her a receipt.

Problem 28 ImportanceNouns Derived from Subjunctive Verbs

 

 

demand; insistence; preference; proposal;

recommendation; request; requirement; suggestion.

 

        noun                    that        S         verb word

The recommendation      that       we              be           evaluated was approved

 

 

Incorrect: She ignored the suggestion that she gets more exercise.

Correct  : She ignored the _____________sugestion that she get_____________  more exercise.

Incorrect: The terrorist’s demand that the airline provides a plane will not be met by deadline.

Correct  : The terrorist’s ___________demand that the airline provide___________  a plane will not be met by deadline.

Incorrect: He regretted not having followed his advisor’s recommendation that he dropping the class.

Correct  : He regretted not having followed his advisor’s ___________recommendation that he drop_____________  the class.

Problem 29 ImportanceImpersonal Expressions

 

 

essential;                     imperative;

important;                  necessary.

It is      adjective         infinitive                                

It is      important       to verify           the     data

                                                                        or

It is      adjective         that             S              verb word             

It is      important       that        the data         be verify      

 

 

Incorrect: It is important that I will speak with Mr. Williams immediately.

Correct  :  __________it is important to speak___________ with Mr. William immediately.                                                         

or

                 ___________it is importan that i speak__________  with Mr. Williams immediately.

Incorrect:  It is imperative that your signature appears on your identification card.

Correct  :   ____________it is imperative to sign___________  your identification card.

                                                 or

                  _______________it is imperative that your signature appear________________ on your identification card.

Incorrect:  It is essential that all applications and transcripts are filed no later than July 1.

Correct  :  __________it is essential to file__________  all applications and transcripts are filed no later than July 1.

                                                                        or

                 _____________________it is essential that all applications and transcripts be_________________  filed no later than July 1.

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